As Required by the Privacy Regulations Created as a Result of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability
Act of 1996 (HIPAA)

THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW HEALTH INFORMATION ABOUT YOU (AS A PATIENT OF THIS PRACTICE) MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED,
AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO YOUR INDIVIDUALLY IDENTIFIABLE HEALTH INFORMATION. PLEASE REVIEW THIS NOTICE
CAREFULLY.


A. OUR COMMITMENT TO YOUR PRIVACY
Our practice is dedicated to maintaining the privacy of your individually identifiable health information. In conducting our business, we will create
records regarding you and the treatment and services we provide to you. We are required by law to maintain the confidentiality of health information
that identifies you. We also are required by law to provide you with this notice of our legal duties and the privacy practices that we maintain in our
practice concerning your health information. By federal and state law, we must follow the terms of the notice of privacy practices that we have in effect
at the time.

We realize that these laws are complicated, but we must provide you with the following important information:

  • How we may use and disclose your health information
  • Your privacy rights in your health information
  • Our obligations concerning the use and disclosure of your health information

The terms of this notice apply to all records containing your health information that are created or retained by our practice. We reserve the right to
revise or amend this Notice of Privacy Practices. Any revision or amendment to this notice will be effective for all of your records that our practice has
created or maintained in the past, and for any of your records that we may create or maintain in the future. Our practice will post a copy of our current
Notice in our offices in a visible location at all times, and you may request a copy of our most current Notice at any time.


B. IF YOU HAVE QUESTIONS ABOUT THIS NOTICE, PLEASE CONTACT:

Administrator & Privacy Officer Representative
Central Nephrology Clinic, PLLC
102 Riverview Dr, Suite A
Flowood, MS 39232-8908


C. WE MAY USE AND DISCLOSE YOUR INDIVIDUALLY IDENTIFIABLE HEALTH INFORMATION IN THE FOLLOWING WAYS

The following categories describe the different ways in which we may use and disclose your health information.

1. Treatment. Our practice may use your health information to treat you. For example, we may ask you to have laboratory tests (such as blood or urine
tests), and we may use the results to help us reach a diagnosis. We might use your health information in order to write a prescription for you, or we
might disclose your health information to a pharmacy when we order a prescription for you. Many of the people who work for our practice – including,
but not limited to, our doctors and nurses – may use or disclose your health information in order to treat you or to assist others in your treatment.
Additionally, we may disclose your health information to others who may assist in your care, such as your spouse, children or parents.
Finally, we may also disclose your health information to other health care providers for purposes related to your treatment.

2. Payment. Our practice may use and disclose your health information in order to bill and collect payment for the services and items you may receive
from us. For example, we may contact your health insurer to certify that you are eligible for benefits (and for what range of benefits), and we may
provide your insurer with details regarding your treatment to determine if your insurer will cover, or pay for, your treatment. We also may use and
disclose your health information to obtain payment from third parties that may be responsible for such costs, such as family members. Also, we may
use your health information to bill you directly for services and items. We may disclose your health information to other health care providers and
entities to assist in their billing and collection efforts.

3. Health Care Operations. Our practice may use and disclose your health information to operate our business. As examples of the ways in which we
may use and disclose your information for our operations, our practice may use your health information to evaluate the quality of care you received
from us, or to conduct cost-management and business planning activities for our practice. We may disclose your health information to other health care
providers and entities to assist in their health care operations.

4. Appointment Reminders. Our practice may use and disclose your health information to contact you and remind you of an appointment.

5. Treatment Options.
Our practice may use and disclose your health information to inform you of potential treatment options or alternatives.

6. Health-Related Benefits and Services. Our practice may use and disclose your health information to inform you of health-related benefits or
services that may be of interest to you.

7. Disclosures Required By Law. Our practice will use and disclose your health information when we are required to do so by federal, state or local
law.


D. USE AND DISCLOSURE OF YOUR HEALTH INFORMATION IN CERTAIN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES

The following categories describe unique scenarios in which we may use or disclose your identifiable health information:

1. Public Health Risks. Our practice may disclose your health information to public health authorities that are authorized by law to collect information
for the purpose of:

  • maintaining vital records, such as births and deaths
  • reporting child abuse or neglect
  • preventing or controlling disease, injury or disability
  • notifying a person regarding potential exposure to a communicable disease
  • notifying a person regarding a potential risk for spreading or contracting a disease or condition
  • reporting reactions to drugs or problems with products or devices
  • notifying individuals if a product or device they may be using has been recalled
  • notifying appropriate government agency(ies) and and authority(ies) regarding the potential abuse or neglect of an adult patient (including
    domestic violence); however, we will only disclose this information if the patient agrees or we are required or authorized by law to disclose this
    information
  • notifying your employer under limited circumstances related primarily to workplace injury or illness or medical surveillance.

2. Health Oversight Activities. Our practice may disclose your health information to a health oversight agency for activities authorized by law.
Oversight activities can include, for example, investigations, inspections, audits, surveys, licensure and disciplinary actions; civil, administrative, and
criminal procedures or actions; or other activities necessary for the government to monitor government programs, compliance with civil rights laws and
the health care system in general.

3. Lawsuits and Similar Proceedings. Our practice may use and disclose your health information in response to a court or administrative order, if
you are involved in a lawsuit or similar proceeding. We also may disclose your health information in response to a discovery request, subpoena, or
other lawful process by another party involved in the dispute, but only if we have made an effort to inform you of the request or to obtain an order
protecting the information the party has requested.

4. Law Enforcement.
We may release health information if asked to do so by a law enforcement official:

  • Regarding a crime victim in certain situations, if we are unable to obtain the person’s agreement
  • Concerning a death we believe has resulted from criminal conduct
  • Regarding criminal conduct at our offices
  • In response to a warrant, summons, court order, subpoena or similar legal process
  • To identify/locate a suspect, material witness, fugitive or missing person
  • In an emergency, to report a crime (including the location or victim(s) of the crime, or the description, identity or location of the perpetrator)


5. Deceased Patients.
Our practice may release health information to a medical examiner or coroner to identify a deceased individual or to identify the
cause of death. If necessary, we also may release information in order for funeral directors to perform their jobs.

6. Organ and Tissue Donation.
Our practice may release your health information to organizations that handle organ, eye or tissue procurement or
transplantation, including organ donation banks, as necessary to facilitate organ or tissue donation and transplantation if you are an organ donor.

7. Research. Our practice may use and disclose your health information for research purposes in certain limited circumstances. We will obtain your
written authorization to use your health information for research purposes except when an Institutional Review Board or Privacy Board has determined
that the waiver of your authorization satisfies the following: (i) the use or disclosure involves no more than a minimal risk to your privacy based on the
following: (A) an adequate plan to protect the identifiers from improper use and disclosure; (B) an adequate plan to destroy the identifiers at the earliest
opportunity consistent with the research (unless there is a health or research justification for retaining the identifiers or such retention is otherwise
required by law); and (C) adequate written assurances that the PHI will not be re-used or disclosed to any other person or entity (except as required by
law) for authorized oversight of the research study, or for other research for which the use or disclosure would otherwise be permitted; (ii) the research
could not practicably be conducted without the waiver; and (iii) the research could not practicably be conducted without access to and use of the PHI.

8. Serious Threats to Health or Safety. Our practice may use and disclose your health information when necessary to reduce or prevent a serious
threat to your health and safety or the health and safety of another individual or the public. Under these circumstances, we will only make disclosures
to a person or organization able to help prevent the threat.

9. Military. Our practice may disclose your health information if you are a member of U.S. or foreign military forces (including veterans) and if required
by the appropriate authorities.

10. National Security. Our practice may disclose your health information to federal officials for intelligence and national security activities authorized
by law. We also may disclose your health information to federal officials in order to protect the President, other officials or foreign heads of state, or to
conduct investigations.

11. Inmates.
Our practice may disclose your health information to correctional institutions or law enforcement officials if you are an inmate or under the
custody of a law enforcement official. Disclosure for these purposes would be necessary: (a) for the institution to provide health care services to you,
(b) for the safety and security of the institution, and/or (c) to protect your health and safety or the health and safety of other individuals.

12. Workers’ Compensation. Our practice may release your health information for workers’ compensation and similar programs.


E. YOUR RIGHTS REGARDING YOUR HEALTH INFORMATION

You have the following rights regarding the health information that we maintain about you:

1. Confidential Communications. You have the right to request that our practice communicate with you about your health and related issues in a
particular manner or at a certain location. For instance, you may ask that we contact you at home, rather than work. In order to request a type of
confidential communication, you must make a written request to Administrator, Central Nephrology Clinic, 102 Riverview Dr., Suite A, Flowood, MS
39232-8908, specifying the requested method of contact, or the location where you wish to be contacted. You are not required to give a specific
reason for your request; however, the request must be reasonable in terms of the practices’ ability to comply administratively with the request.

2. Requesting Restrictions. You have the right to request a restriction in our use or disclosure of your health information for treatment, payment or
health care operations. Additionally, you have the right to request that we restrict our disclosure of your health information to only certain individuals
involved in your care or the payment for your care, such as family members and friends. We are not required to agree to your request; however, if
we do agree, we are bound by our agreement except when otherwise required by law, in emergencies, or when the information is necessary to treat
you. In order to request a restriction in our use or disclosure of your health information, you must make your request in writing to Administrator, Central
Nephrology Clinic,102 Riverview Dr., Suite A, Flowood, MS 39232-8908. Your request must describe in a clear and concise fashion:

(a) the information you wish restricted;
(b) whether you are requesting to limit our practice’s use, disclosure or both; and
(c) to whom you want the limits to apply.

3. Inspection and Copies. You have the right to inspect and obtain a copy of the health information that may be used to make decisions about you,
including patient medical records and billing records, but not including psychotherapy notes. You must submit your request in writing to Administrator,
Central Nephrology Clinic, 102 Riverview Dr, Suite A, Flowood, MS 39232-8908, in order to inspect and/or obtain a copy of your health information.
Our practice may charge a fee for the costs of copying, mailing, labor and supplies associated with your request. Our practice may deny your request
to inspect and/or copy in certain limited circumstances; however, you may request a review of our denial. Another licensed health care professional
chosen by us will conduct reviews.

4. Amendment. You may ask us to amend your health information if you believe it is incorrect or incomplete, and you may request an amendment for
as long as the information is kept by or for our practice. To request an amendment, your request must be made in writing and submitted to
Administrator, Central Nephrology Clinic, 102 Riverview Dr, Suite A, Flowood, MS 39232-8908. You must provide us with a reason that supports your
request for amendment. Our practice will deny your request if you fail to submit your request (and the reason supporting your request) in writing. Also,
we may deny your request if you ask us to amend information that is in our opinion: (a) accurate and complete; (b) not part of the health information
kept by or for the practice; (c) not part of the health information which you would be permitted to inspect and copy; or (d) not created by our practice,
unless the individual or entity that created the information is not available to amend the information.

5. Accounting of Disclosures.
All of our patients have the right to request an “accounting of disclosures.” An “accounting of disclosures” is a list of
certain non-routine disclosures our practice has made of your health information for non-treatment, non-payment or non-operations purposes. Use of
your health information as part of the routine patient care in our practice is not required to be documented. For example, the doctor sharing information
with the nurse; or the billing department using your information to file your insurance claim. In order to obtain an accounting of disclosures, you must
submit your request in writing to Administrator, Central Nephrology Clinic, 102 Riverview Dr, Suite A, Flowood, MS 39232-8908. All requests for an
“accounting of disclosures” must state a time period, which may not be longer than six (6) years from the date of disclosure and may not include dates
before April 14, 2003. The first list you request within a 12-month period is free of charge, but our practice may charge you for additional lists within the
same 12-month period. Our practice will notify you of the costs involved with additional requests, and you may withdraw your request before you incur
any costs.

6. Right to a Paper Copy of This Notice. You are entitled to receive a paper copy of our notice of privacy practices. You may ask us to give you a
copy of this notice at any time. To obtain a paper copy of this notice, contact, Administrator, (601) 981-1610.

7. Right to File a Complaint.
If you believe your privacy rights have been violated, you may file a complaint with our practice or with the Secretary of
the Department of Health and Human Services. To file a complaint with our practice, contact Administrator, Central Nephrology Clinic, 102 Riverview
Dr, Suite A, Flowood, MS 39232-8908. All complaints must be submitted in writing. You will not be penalized for filing a complaint.

8. Right to Provide an Authorization for Other Uses and Disclosures.
Our practice will obtain your written authorization for uses and disclosures
that are not identified by this notice or permitted by applicable law. Any authorization you provide to us regarding the use and disclosure of your health
information may be revoked at any time in writing to Administrator, Central Nephrology Clinic, 102 Riverview Dr, Suite A, Flowood, MS 39232-8908.
After you revoke your authorization, we will no longer use or disclose your health information for the reasons described in the authorization. Please
note, we are required to retain records of your care.
Again, if you have any questions regarding this notice or our health information privacy policies, please contact Administrator @ 601-981-1610.


NOTICE CONCERNING COMPLAINTS

In addition to filing a complaint with Central Nephrology Clinic, any patient may also contact:

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
Office for Civil Rights
200 Independence Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20201
Toll free: (877) 696-6775
www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/complaints/